The development of a socio-economic model to promote women’s empowerment initiatives in the renewable energy sector of South Africa
This study investigates the main contributors that can positively influence the socio-economic empowerment of women in the renewable energy sector in the Republic of South Africa, and recommends new and innovative approaches to mainstream gender in the sector. Empirical evidence showed that ethical leadership positively influences good governance and successful women’s empowerment. The results also indicated that social investment and broad-based black economic empowerment positively influence successful women’s empowerment. Finally, the results indicated that sustainable programmes are a positive contributing factor to good governance. However, the respondents did not consider stakeholder engagement statistically significant to good governance or successful women’s empowerment. This study also has the potential to contribute to the improvement of impoverished communities in South Africa and elsewhere.
Babbie, E. (2010). The Practice of Social Research. The Practice of Social Research (Twelfth). Belmont: Cengage Learning.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Press Room. Bill and Melinda Gates call for new global commitment to chart a course for malaria eradication. GatesFoundation.org Media Center, (2007). [Online] Available at: http://www. gatesfoundation.org/Media-Center/Press-Releases/2007/10/ Chart-a-Course-for-Malaria-Eradication/ (Accessed July 1, 2015).
Department of Energy’s IPP Office. (2015). Advisors for Cogeneration IPP Procurement Programme. Pretoria. [Online] Available at: https://www.ipp-cogen.co.za/Content/Cogen - List of Advisors_18May2015.pdf (Accessed: February 11, 2018).
Department of Energy. (2013a). Information Document in respect of the Request for Qualification and Proposals in respect of the Small Projects IPP Procurement Programme. Pretoria.
Department of Energy. (2013b). Integrated Resource Plan for Electricity (IRP update 2013). IRP 2010-2030 Update Report. Pretoria.
Eberhard, A., Kolker, J., & Leigland, J. (2014). South Africa’s Renewable Energy IPP Procurement Program: Success Factors and Lessons. PPIAF, Washington DC, USA. Cape Town. [Online] Available at: http://www.ee.co.za/article/south-africas-reippp-programme-success-factors-lessons.html (Accessed: January 18, 2018).
Fabrigar, L., & Wegener, D. (2011). Exploratory Factor Analysis: Theory and Application. Exploratory Factor Analysis. Ontario.
Global Environmental Facility’s Gender Office. (2017). Gender and Environment Updates from the GEF Gender Partnership. Washington D.C. [Online] Available at: https://www.thegef.org/news/new-policy-gender-equality-gef (Accessed: November 26, 2017).
Global Environmental Facility’s Secretariat. (2014). Gender Equality Action Plan. Washington D.C. [Online] Available at: https://assembly.thegef.org/report-author/gef-secretariat (Accessed: November 26, 2017).
Global Environmental Facility’s Secretariat. (2015). Climate Change and Women: Impacts Compounded by Gender Inequality. [Online] Available at: https://www.thegef.org/news/climate-change-and-women-impacts-compounded-gender-inequality (Accessed: May 26, 2018).
Global Environmental Facility. (2014a). GEF Kicks-off its Sixth Programming Phase. [Online] Available at: https://www.thegef.org/news/gef-kicks-its-sixth-programming-phase (Accessed: May 1, 2016).
Global Environmental Facility. (2014b). GEF will provide US$ 3 billion Climate Change Financing. [Online] Available at: https://www.thegef.org/news/gef-will-provide-us3-billion-climate-change-financing (Accessed: November 26, 2017).
Global Environmental Facility. (2015). Gender Equality Action Plan for 2015-2018. [Online] Available at: https://www.thegef.org/news/gef-gender-equality-action-plan-2015-2018 (Accessed: August 2, 2016).
Global Environmental Facility. (2016b). Global Environmental Facility Projects: South Africa. [Online] Available at: https://www.thegef.org/gef/project_list?keyword=&countryCode=ZA&focalAreaCode=all&agencyCode=all&projectType=all&fundingSource=all&approvalFYFrom=all&approvalFYTo=all<gt=lt<gtAmt=&op=Search&form_build_id=form-VshsMjOV5u_ACvKd_iiHHyViE_ZWgBggvi9i2V94Ib (Accessed: September 19, 2016).
Global Environmental Facility. (2016c). South African Projects. [Online] Available at: https://www.thegef.org/projects?f=field_country:147 (Accessed: January 25, 2018).
Global Environmental Facility. (2017). A new Policy on Gender Equality for the Global Environment Facility. Global Environmental Facility. Washington D.C. [Online] Available at: https://www.thegef.org/news/new-policy-gender-equality-gef (Accessed: January 25, 2018).
Hair, J., Black, W., Babin, B., & Anderson, R. (2009). Multivariate Data Analysis. Vectors (7th ed.). New York: Pearson Prentice Hall.
Inayatullah, S. (2010). Futures Studies: Theories and Methods. Futures. Sydney.
Kilian, A. (2016). South African women in senior corporate positions down four percentage points. [Online] Available at: http://m.engineeringnews.co.za/article/south-african-women-in-senior-corporate-positions-down-four-percentage-points-2016-08-22/rep_id:4433 (Accessed: August 22, 2016).
Kothari, C. (2004). Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques. Vasa (Second). Jaipur: New Age International.
McGregor, J. (2016). Only one woman was named CEO of a major company in North America in 2015. [Online] Available at: https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/on-leadership/wp/2016/04/21/only-one-woman-was-named-ceo-of-a-major-company-in-north-america-in-2015/ (Accessed: July 14, 2017).
PwC’s Strategy. (2016). Women CEOs: Strategy&’s CEO success study examines the degree, nature, and geographic distribution of chief executive changes among the world’s 2,500 largest public companies. [Online] Available at: https://www.strategyand.pwc.com/ceosuccess (Accessed: August 19, 2016).
Shah, R., & Goldstein, S. M. (2006). Use of Structural Equation Modeling in Operations Management Research: Looking back and forward. Journal of Operations Management, 24(2), 148–169.
Southern African Development Community. (2008). SADC Protocol on Gender and Development. Johannesburg.
Statistics South Africa. (2016). Victims of Crime Survey. Pretoria. [Online] Available at: http://www.statssa.gov.za/publications/P0341/P03412015.pdf (Accessed: January 25, 2018).
United Nations. (2015). Draft outcome document of the United Nations summit for the adoption of the post-2015 development agenda (Vol. A/69/L.85). New York.
United Nations Economic and Social Council. (2015). Commission on the Status of Women: Report on the Fifty-Ninth Session. New York. [Online] Available at: http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/csw/56sess.htm (Accessed: May 2, 2016).
World Bank. (2000). Anticorruption in Transition A Contribution to the Policy Debate. Washington D.C.: World Bank. [Online] Available at: https://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWBIGOVANTCOR/Resources/contribution.pdf (Accessed: January 16, 2018).
World Bank. (2016). What is Empowerment? [Online] Available at: http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTPOVERTY/EXTEMPOWERMENT/0,,contentMDK:20272299~pagePK:210058~piPK:210062~theSitePK:486411~isCURL:Y,00.html (Accessed: March 13, 2017).
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Copyright remains with the author(s).
Publishing rights remain with the author(s)
All articles published in JESA can be re-used under the following CC license: CC BY-SA Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.