Editorial: Special Edition on Water Security

Keywords: Water Security


The North-South Dimensions of Water Security Symposium was held at the North-West University, Potchefstroom from the 14th to the 15th of May, 2015. Through the generous funding of the Academy of Finland (268151), under the research project “Legal framework to promote water security” (WATSEC), we were able to gather approximately 13 speakers representative of the North and South. The 4 papers in this peer-reviewed edition emanate from this symposium.


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Bateman 2009 SAMJ
Bateman C "Cholera: Getting the Basics Right" 2009 SAMJ 138-142

Boyd Environmental Rights Revolution
Boyd DR TheEnvironmental Rights Revolution: A Global Study of
Constitutions, Human Rights, and the Environment (UBC Press Vancouver

Chitonge 2011 Water Alternatives
ChitongeH "A Decade of Implementing Water Services Reform in Zambia:
Review of Outcomes, Challenges and Opportunities" 2011 Water
Alternatives 1-22

Cook and Bakker 2012 Global Environmental Change
Cook C and Bakker K "Water Security: Debating an Emerging Paradigm"
2012 Global Environmental Change 94-102

Couzens 2015 PELJ
Couzens E "Avoiding Mazibuko: Water Security and Constitutional Rights
in Southern African Case Law" 2015 PELJ 1162-1186

Derman and Hellum 2007 Land Use Policy
Derman B and Hellum A "Livelihood Rights Perspective on Water Reform:
Reflections on Rural Zimbabwe" 2007 Land Use Policy 664-673

Dinokopila 2011 AHRLJ
Dinokopila BR"The Right to Water in Botswana:A Review of the Matsipane
Mosetlhanyane Case" 2011 AHRLJ 282-295

Expert Team of the Inter-Ministerial Committee Mine Water Management
Expert Team of the Inter-Ministerial Committee Mine Water Management in
the Witwatersrand Gold Fields with Special Emphasis on Acid Mine
Drainage: Report to the Inter-Ministerial Committee on Acid Mine Drainage
(Department of Water Affairs Pretoria 2010)

Fournier and Whittall 2009 Humanitarian Exchange
Fournier C and Whittall J "When the Affected State Causes the Crisis: The
Case of Zimbabwe" 2009 Humanitarian Exchange 4-6

Funder et al 2012 Water Alternatives
Funder M et al"Strategies of the Poorest in Local Water Conflict and
Cooperation –Evidence from Vietnam, Bolivia and Zambia" 2012 Water
Alternatives 20-36

Gellers 2012 Rev Policy Res
Gellers JC "Greening Constitutions with Environmental Rights: Testing the
Isomorphism Thesis" 2012 Rev Policy Res 523-543

Gellers Global Norms and Green Constitutions
Gellers JC Global Norms and Green Constitutions: Explaining the
Emergence of Constitutional Environmental Rights (PhD-dissertation
University of California 2014)

Gerlak and Mukhtarov 2015 Int'l Environ Agreem –Pol L Econ
Gerlak AK and Mukhtarov F "'Ways of Knowing' Water: Integrated Water
Resources Management and Water Security as Complementary
Discourses" 2015 Int'l Environ Agreem –Pol L Econ 257-272

Gleick 1999 Water Policy
Gleick PH "The Human Right to Water" 1999 Water Policy 487-503

Global Water Partnership Increasing Water Security
Global Water Partnership Increasing Water Security -A Development
Imperative (Global Water Partnership Stockholm 2012)

Grey and Sadoff 2007 Water Policy
Grey D and Sadoff CW "Sink or Swim? Water Security for Growth and
Development" 2007 Water Policy 545-571

Hayward 2000 Political Studies
Hayward T "Constitutional Environmental Rights: A Case for Political
Analysis" 2000 Political Studies 558-572

Hitchcock, Sapignoli and Babchuk 2011 IJHR
Hitchcock RK, Sapignoli M and Babchuk WA "What About Our Rights?
Settlements, Subsistence and Livelihood Security Among Central Kalahari
San and Bakgalagadi" 2011 IJHR 62-88

Idemudia, Williams and Wyatt 2013 J Inj Violence Res
Idemudia ES, Williams JK and Wyatt GE "Migration Challenges Among
Zimbabwean Refugees Before, During and Post Arrival in South Africa"
2013 J Inj Violence Res 17-27

Kotzé 2010 JHRE
Kotzé LJ "Phiri, the Plight of the Poor and the Perils of Climate Change:
Time to Rethink Environmental and Socio-Economic Rights in South
Africa?" 2010 JHRE 135-160

Kotzé and Du Plessis 2010 J Ct Innovation
Kotzé LJ and Du Plessis AA "Some Brief Observations on Fifteen Years of
Environmental Rights Jurisprudence in South Africa" 2010 J Ct Innovation

Lugaresi "Right to Water"
Lugaresi N "The Right to Water and its Misconceptions, Between Developed
and Developing Countries" in Kidd M et al (eds) Water and the Law:
Towards Sustainability (Edward Elgar Cheltenham 2014) 331-348

May and Daly Global Environmental Constitutionalism
May JR and Daly E Global Environmental Constitutionalism(Cambridge
University Press New York 2015)

McCarthy 2011 S Afr J Sci
McCarthy TS "The Impact of Acid Mine Drainage in South Africa" 2011 May-
June S Afr J Sci 1-7

Miller Environmental Rights
Miller C Environmental Rights: Critical Perspectives(Routledge London

Morinville and Rodina 2013 Geoforum
Morinville C and Rodina L "Rethinking the Human Right to Water: Water
Access and Dispossession in Botswana's Central Kalahari Game Reserve"
2013 Geoforum 150-159

Nickel 1993 Yale J Int'l L
Nickel JW "The Human Right to a Safe Environment: Philosophical
Perspectives on Its Scope and Justification" 1993 Yale J Int'l L281-295

Paterson "Endless Struggle of Indigenous Peoples"
Paterson AR "The Endless Struggle of Indigenous Peoples in protected
Areas -The Bushmen's Challenge for Water Rights in the Central Kalahari
Game Reserve" in Kidd M et al (eds) Water and the Law: Towards
Sustainability (Edward Elgar Cheltenham 2014) 349-378

Pejan, Du Toit and Pollard "Using Progressive Realisation"
Pejan R, Du Toit D and Pollard S "Using Progressive Realisation and
Reasonableness to Evaluate Implementation Lags in the South African
Water Management Reform Process" in Kidd M et al (eds) Water and the
Law: Towards Sustainability (Edward Elgar Cheltenham 2014) 305-329

Peters 2006 LJIL
Peters A "Compensatory Constitutionalism:The Function and Potential of
Fundamental International Norms and Structures" 2006 LJIL 579-610

Peyer and Mercier Glencore in the Democratic Republic of Congo
Peyer C and Mercier F Glencore in the Democratic Republic of Congo: Profit
before Human Rights and the Environment (Bread For All and Swiss
Catholic Lenten Fund Bern 2012)

Rodina 2016 Geoforum
Rodina L "Human Right to Water in Khayelitsha, South Africa –Lessons
From a 'lived Experiences' Perspective" 2016 Geoforum 58-66

Said et al 2011 Water SA
Said MD et al "The Case of Cholera Preparedness, Response and
Prevention in the SADC Region: A Need for Proactive and Multi-level
Communication and Co-ordination" 2011 Water SA 559-566

Sjöstedt 2011 Habitat International
Sjöstedt M "The Impact of Secure Land Tenure on Water Access Levels in
Sub-Saharan Africa: The Case of Botswana and Zambia" 2011 Habitat
International 133-140

Savenije and Aan der Zaag 2008 Phys Chem Earth
Savenije HHG and Aan der Zaag P "Integrated Water Resources
Management: Concepts and Issues" 2008 Phys Chem Earth 290-297

Swatuk 2008 Water Alternatives
Swatuk LA "A Political Economy of Water in Southern Africa" 2008 Water
Alternatives 24‐47

Takacs 2008 NYU Envtl LJ
Takacs D "The Public Trust Doctrine, Environmental Human Rights, and the
Future of Private Property" 2008 NYU Envtl LJ 711-765

UN-WaterWater Security
UN-Water Water Security and the Global Water Agenda: A UN-Water
Analytical Brief(United Nations University Hamilton 2013)

Van Beek and Arriens Water Security
Van Beek E and Arriens WL Water Security: Putting the Concept into
Practice (Global Water Partnership Stockholm 2014)

Winters 2014 Consilience
Winters OJ "The Botswana Bushmen's Fight for Water and Land Rights in
the Central Kalahari Game Reserve"2014 Consilience: The Journal of
Sustainable Development 285-300

Witter and Whiteford 1999 Int'l Rev Comp Pub Pol'y
Witter S G and Whiteford S "Water Security: The Issues and Policy
Challenges" 1999 Int'l Rev Comp Pub Pol'y 1-25

Wouters, Vinogradov and Magsig 2009 Yb Int'l Env L
Wouters P, Vinogradov S and Magsig B "Water Security, Hydrosolidarity,
and International Law: A River Runs Through It ..." 2009 Yb Int'l Env L 97-

Yang and Percival 2009 Ecology LQ
Yang T and Percival RV "The Emergence of Global Environmental Law"
2009 Ecology LQ 615-664

Zeitoun 2011 Global Policy
Zeitoun M "The Global Web of National Water Security" 2011 Global Policy

Case law

City of Cape Town v Strümpher 2012 4 SA 207 (SCA)

Mazibukov City of Johannesburg 2010 4 SA 1 (CC)

Mosetlhanyane v Attorney General of Botswana (Court of Appeal) Civil
Appeal No CACLB-074-10 of 27 January 2011

Mushoriwa v City of Harare HH 195-14/HC 4266/13

Nyasulu v Konkola Copper Mines Plc and Others [2011] ZMHC 86

Sesana v The Attorney-General 2002 1 BLR 452 (HC)



Constitution of Botswana,1966

South Africa
Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996

Constitution of Zambia (Amendment) Act, 2015

Environmental Protection and Pollution Act, Ch 204


Constitution of Zimbabwe Amendment Act 20 of 2013

International instruments

CESCR General Comment No 15: The Right to Water (Arts 11 and 12 of
the Covenant)UN Doc E/C.12/2002/11 (2003)

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against
Women (1979)

Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989)

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1967)

International Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights (1967)

The Human Right to Water and SanitationGA Res 64/292, UN Doc
A/RES/64/292 (2010)

UNESCO International Hydrological Programme (IHP) Eighth Phase:"Water
Security: Responses to Local, Regional, and Global Challenges" -Strategic
Plan IHP-VIII (2014-2021)UN Doc IHP/2012/IHP-VIII/1Rev (2012)

United Nations Declaration on Human Rights (1948)

Internet sources

ANA 2016
African News Agency 2016 Eskom 'in Secretive Deal' to Provide Power to
Zimbabwe http://www.engineeringnews.co.za/article/eskom-in-secretive-
deal-to-provide-power-to-zimbabwe-2016-01-04/rep_id:4136 accessed 8
December 2016

GEOHIVE 2015 http://www.geohive.com/earth/pop_urban.aspx
GEOHIVE 2015 Urban / Rural Division of Countries for the Years 2015 and
2025 http://www.geohive.com/earth/pop_urban.aspx accessed 8
December 2016

Ncube 2016 http://www.newzimbabwe.com/opinion-27405-Ncube+the
Ncube W 2016 Unpacking the Tragedy of Water Delivery in Zimbabwe
water+delivery+in+Zim/opinion.aspx accessed 8 December 2016

The Zambian 2016 http://thezambian.com/wp-content/uploads/
The Zambian 2016 Draft Zambian Constitutionhttp://thezambian.com/wp-
content/uploads/2016/01/Zambian-Constitution.pdf accessed 12 December

UN-Water 2013 http://www.unwater.org/topics/water-security/en/
UN-Water 2013 Water Security http://www.unwater.org/topics/water-
security/en/ accessed 8 December 2016

UN-Water 2014 http://www.un.org/waterforlifedecade/pdf/human_right_to_
UN-Water 2014 The Human Right to Water and Sanitation: Media Brief
ation_media_brief.pdf accessed 8 December 2016
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