Integration of the Bride as a Requirement for a Valid Customary Marriage: Mkabe v Minister of Home Affairs 2016 ZAGPPHC 460

Keywords: Customary law, Customary marriage, Recognition of Customary Marriages Act, Mkabe v Minister of Home Affairs

Abstract

Since the Recognition of Customary Marriages Act 120 of 1996 was promulgated in 15 November 2000 the courts are faced with the daunting task to determine whether a customary marriage is valid under the Act. The courts find it troublesome to determine exactly what the essential requirements under the living customary law are. One of the issues the courts have to deal with is the question whether the incorporation of a bride into her husband's family is an essential requirement for a valid customary marriage or can the families waive the requirement or condone non-compliance? The court in Mkabe v Minister of Home Affairs [2016] ZAGPPHC 460 found that the requirement can be waived or condoned. This case note criticises the Mkabe decision and illustrates why the incorporation of the bride is indeed an essential requirement for a valid customary marriage.

 

Google_Scholar49.png   

Author Biography

Pieter Bakker, University of South Africa
Professor, Department of Private Law

References

Bakker 2013 Obiter

Bakker "Bewys van 'n gebruiklike huwelik kragtens artikel 3(1)(b) van die Wet op Erkenning van Gebruiklike Huwelike 120 van 1998: Southon v Moropane [2012] ZAGPJHC 146" 2013 Obiter 579-589.

Bakker 2016 THRHR

Bakker "The validity of a customary marriage under the Recognition of Customary Marriages Act 120 of 1998 with reference to sections 3(1)(b) and 7(6) – Part 2" 2016 THRHR 357-368

Bakker 2004 THRHR

Bakker "Die weg vorentoe: Unifikasie of pluralisme van die Suid-Afrikaanse huweliksreg?" 2004 THRHR 626-640

Bekker 2004 THRHR

Bekker "Requirements for the validity of a customary marriage: Mabuza v Mbatha 2003 4 SA 218 (C)" 2004 THRHR 146-150

Bennett A sourcebook

Bennett A sourcebook of African customary law (Juta Cape Town 1991)

Bennett 1994 SAJHR

Bennett "The equality clause and customary law" 1994 SAJHR 122-130

Bennett Customary law

Bennett Customary Law in South Africa (Juta Cape Town 2004)

Jansen 2002 JJS

Jansen “The Recognition of Customary Marriages Act: many women still left out in the cold” 2002 JJS 115-128

Jansen 2002 JJS

Jansen "Non-recognition?: Lobolo as a requirement for a valid customary marriage" 2002 JJS 170-179

Kruuse and Sloth-Nielsen 2014 PER

Kruuse and Sloth-Nielsen "Sailing between Scylla and Charybdis: Mayelane v Ngwenyama 2014 PER 1710-1738

Marwick Swazi

Marwick The Swazi (Cambridge University Press London 1940)

Matthews Bantu law

Matthews Bantu law and western civilisation (unpublished MA thesis Yale University 1934)

Mbatha 2004 SJ

Mbatha "The extent of recognition of customs in indigenous law of marriage: Mabuza v Mbatha [2003] 1 All SA 706 (C)" 2004 SJ 325-329

Mwambe and Kruuse 2013 AJ

Mwambe and Kruuse "Form over function? The practical application of the Recognition of Customary Marriages Act 1998 in South Africa" 2013 AJ 292-317

Nkosi 2004 SJ

Nkosi "The extent of recognition of customs in indigenous law of marriage: Mabuza v Mbatha [2003] 1 All SA 706 (C)" 2004 SJ 325-329

Olivier Privaatreg

Olivier et al Die Privaatreg van die Suid-Afrikaanse Bantoetaalsprekendes (Butterworths Durban 1989)

Olivier Indigenous law

Olivier et al Indigenous law (Butterworths Durban 1995)

Schapera Tswana law

Schapera A handbook of Tswana Law and Custom (Frank Cass London 1970)

Van Schalkwyk Indigenous law

Van Schalkwyk The indigenous law of contract with particular reference to the Swazi in the Kingdom of Swaziland (unpublished LLD thesis UNISA 2006)

Register of cases

Am v Kuse 1957 NAC 92 (C&O)

Dlomo v Mahodi 1964 NAC 61 (C&O)

Fanti v Boto 2008 (5) SA 405 (C)

Jiba v Vangidzi 1924 NAC 59 (C&O)

Lebenya v Mosola 1947 NAC 58 (C&O)

Mabuza v Mbatha 2003 (4) SA 218 (C)

Malima v Mhlahlo 1942 NAC 73 (C&O)

Matsoaso v Roro [2011] 2 All SA 324 (GSJ)

Mbalela v Thinane 1950 NAC 7 (C)

Mhlanga v Hleta 1944 NAC 40 (N&T)

Mkabe v Minister of Home Affairs [2016] ZAGPPHC 460

MM v MN 2013 (4) SA 415 (CC)

Mohlala v Mohlala 1938 NAC 112 (N&T)

Moropane v Southon [2014] JOL 32177 (SCA)

Mpakanyiswa v Ntshangase 1 NAC 17 (1897)

Mpengisi v Gcwabe 1942 NAC 78 (C&O)

Mtombeni v Matlou 1945 NAC 1 (N&T)

Ngcangayi v Jwili 1944 NAC 15 (C&O)

Ngcongolo v Parkies 1953 NAC 103 (S)

Nthole v Lebata 1939 NAC 125 (C&O)

Ntoagae v Makabanyane [2015] ZANWHC 78

Sebona v Mashiloane [2016] ZAGPPHC 618

Sefolokile v Thekiso 1952 NAC 25 (C)

Sila v Masuku 1937 NAC 121 (N&T)

Register of legislation

Recognition of Customary Marriages Act 120 of 1996

Published
2018-03-27
How to Cite
Bakker, P. (2018). Integration of the Bride as a Requirement for a Valid Customary Marriage: Mkabe v Minister of Home Affairs 2016 ZAGPPHC 460. Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal, 21, 1-15. https://doi.org/10.17159/1727-3781/2018/v21i0a1737
Section
Case Notes