Justificatory Theories for Intellectual Property Viewed Through the Constitutional Prism

  • Mikhalien Du Bois UNISA
Keywords: constitutional property, intellectual property, justificatory theories, labour theory, reward theory, incentive theory, theory of natural law, excludability, spiritual theories, personality theory, economic theory, theory of natural monopoly, commons

Abstract

In order to determine the extent to which intellectual property rights should enjoy protection under the constitutional property clause, some of the classical and newer justificatory theories for property may be employed, including the labour theory, reward theory, incentive theory, theory of natural law, spiritual theories, personality theory, economic theory, and theory of natural monopoly. These theories must be applied in line with the Constitution, keeping in mind that other fundamental rights must be balanced with the protection afforded to intellectual property in order to ensure its continued production. It is also important that intellectual property statutes be developed to promote a thriving intellectual commons.

Author Biography

Mikhalien Du Bois, UNISA
Mercantile Law, Senior Lecturer

References

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Literature

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Case law

Australia

Victoria Park Racing v Taylor (1937) 58 CLR 479

England

Millar v Taylor (1976) 4 Burr 2303, 98 ER 201

South Africa

Kalamazoo Division (Pty) Ltd v Gay 1978 2 SA 184 (C)
Payen Components SA Ltd v Bovic Gaskets CC 1994 (2) SA 464 (W)
Rapid Phase Entertainment CC v South African Broadcasting Corporation 597 JOC (W)

Legislation

South Africa

Copyright Act 98 of 1978
Designs Act 195 of 1993
Intellectual Property Laws Amendment Act 28 of 2013
Intellectual Property Rights from Publicly Financed Research and Development Act 51 of 2008
Patents Act 57 of 1978
The Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996
Trade Marks Act 194 of 1993

United States of America

The Constitution of the United States of America, 1787
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Published
2018-03-27
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