Dynamic performance improvement of wind farms equipped with three SCIG generators using STATCOM
AbstractThe main causes of wind farms disconnection from the grid is the three-phase grid faults at the point common coupling (PCC) e.g. the voltage dip. The use of a Static Synchronous Compensator (STATCOM) which is from the family of Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS) devices can be used effectively in a wind park based on FSIG to provide transient voltage and to improve wind system stability. Due to the asynchronous operation nature, system instability of wind farms based on FSIG (Fixed Speed Induction Generator) is largely caused by the reactive power absorption by FSIG because due to the large rotor slip during grid fault. STATCOM contributes to control the grid voltage at PCC and maintain wind farm connection to the grid during some severe conditions of grid faults and used for power flow control and for damping power system oscillations. The evaluation of this control strategy using (STATCOM) is investigated in terms of regulation reactive power and transient stability of the wind farm during grid disturbances.
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