Design of a prototype generator based on piezoelectric power generation for vibration energy harvestin
The concept of harvesting energy in the ambient environment arouses great interest because of the demand for wireless sensing devices and low-power electronics without external power supply. Harvesting energy by vibration with piezoelectric materials can be used to convert mechanical energy into electrical energy that can be stored and used to power other devices. This conversion of vibrations (mechanical energy) to electrical energy using piezoelectric materials is an exciting and rapidly developing area of research with a widening range of applications constantly materialising. In this context, the goal of this paper is to develop a comprehensive prototype generator that can harvest vibration energy and convert it to electrical energy by providing the output power for optimisation and its performance. Two setups of prototype are used: a cantilever beam with tip mass at the end, and a cantilever beam without tip mass at the end. Data from the experiment is compared and analysed using MatLab. The results show that the power output of the prototype with the tip mass is greater than the power output without the tip mass. The experimental results led to a power optimisation from that prototype by different characteristic of piezoelectric ceramic plate.
Heung, S.K., Joo-Hyong, K. and Jaehwan, K. A. 2011. Review of piezoelectric energy harvesting based on vibration. International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing, 12: 1129–1141.
Anton, S.R. and Sodano, H.A. 2007. A review of power harvesting using piezoelectric materials (2003-2006). Smart Materials and Structures, 16: 1–21.
Fang, H.B., Liu, J.Q., Xu, Z.Y., Donga, L., Wang, L., Chen, D., Cai, B.C. and Liu, Y. 2006. Fabrication and performance of MEMS-based piezoelectric power generation for vibration energy harvesting. Microelectron Journal, 37: 1280–1284.
Liu, J.Q., Fang, H.B., Xu, Z.Y., Mao, X.H., Shen, X.C., Chen, D., Liao, H. and Cai, B.C. 2008. A MEMS-based piezoelectric power generator array for vibration energy harvesting. Microelectron Journal, 39: 802–806.
Renaud, M., Karakaya, K., Sterken, T., Fiorini, P., Van Hoof, C. and Puers, R. 2008. Fabrication, modeling and characterization of MEMS piezoelectric vibration harvester. Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 145–146: 380–386.
Muralt, P., Marzencki, M., Belgacem, B., Calame, F., and Basrour, S. 2009. Vibration energy harvesting with PZT micro device. In Procedia Chemistry, 01: 1191–1194.
Sodano, H.A., Park, G. and Inman, D.J. 2004. Estimation of electric charge output for piezoelectric energy harvesting. Journal of Strain Analysis, 40: 49–58.
Lu, C., Tsui, C.Y. and Ki, W.H. 2011. Vibration energy scavenging system with maximum power tracking for micro power applications. IEEE Transactions on Very Large Scale Integration (VlSI) Systems, 19: 2109–2119.
Chen, S.N., Wang, G.J. and Chien, M.C. 2006. Analytical modelling of piezoelectric vibration-induced micro power generator. Mechatronics,16: 379–387.
Elvin, N., Elvin, A. and Choi, D.H. 2003. A self-powered damage detection sensor. Journal of Strain Analysis, 38: 115–124.
Zhou, W., Penamalli, G.R. and Zuo, L. 2012. An efficient vibration energy harvester with a multi-mode dynamic magnifier. Smart Materiasls and Structures, 21: 015014 (9pp).
Patel, R., McWilliam, S. and Popov, A.A. 2011. A geometric parameter study of piezoelectric coverage on a rectangular cantilever energy harvester. Smart Materials and Structures, 20: 085004 (12pp).
Zhu, D., Beeby, S., Tudor, J., Grabham, N., White, N. and Harris, N. 2011. Performance of a piezoelectric energy harvester under vibrations taken from a helicopter. Proceding Power MEMS 2011. 15–18 Nov 2011
STEMINC, Steiner and Martin, Inc. http://www. steminc.com/piezo/PZ_property.asp.
Kaźmierski, T.J. and Beeby, S. 2011. Energy harvesting system: principles modelling and application. New York, Springer, 1–77.
Guyomar, D. and Lallart, M. 2011. Recent progress in piezoelectric conversion and energy harvesting using nonlinear electronic interfaces and issues in small scale implementation. Journal of Micromachines, 02: 274–294.
Kuo, C-F.J., Tu, H.M., Huy, V.Q. and Liu, C-H. 2013. Dynamic stability analysis and vibration control of a rotating elastic beam connected with an end mass. International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics, 13: 03.
Zhuge, J., Formenti, D. and Richardson, M. 2010. A brief history of modern digital shaker controllers, Sound and Vibration, dynamic testing Reference issue, 44: 12–16.
Copyright remains with the author/s of the article/s.
All articles published in JESA can be re-used under the following CC license: CC BY-SA Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.