A review of private investment in Tanzania’s power generation sector

  • Anton Eberhard Graduate School of Business, University of Cape Town https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4139-0669
  • Katharine Gratwick Independent Consultant
  • Laban Kariuki Independent Consultant


This study investigates recent developments in Tanzania’s electric power generation to understand how to facilitate investment in the sector. Interviews were conducted with key public and private stakeholders; utility data was analysed and critical secondary source documents were reviewed. All interview data was triangulated to ensure integrity of findings. It was concluded that investment in the sector is suboptimal due to a lack of coherent planning; of processes related to contract negotiation; and of a commitment to contract with independent power projects. Research and analysis is limited to generation, but there are also implications for the distribution sector. The value of the findings extends beyond Tanzania across Africa and to other developing regions, where countries struggle to attract investment into electric power generation.

Author Biography

Anton Eberhard, Graduate School of Business, University of Cape Town

Anton Eberhard is a Professor at the University of Cape Town where he directs the Management Programme in Infrastructure Reform and Regulation at the Graduate School of Business. His research and teaching focuses on the restructuring and regulation of the electricity sector, investment challenges, and linkages to sustainable development. 


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