Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal https://journals.assaf.org.za/per <p>The <em>Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal</em>&nbsp;is published by the <a href="http://www.nwu.ac.za/pc-law" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Faculty of Law, North-West University</a>, South Africa. Contributions relevant to any aspect of law are welcomed.&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> en-US <p>This work is licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a>.</p><p>Copyright in all material published in PER/PELJ vests in the author, provided that authors grant, by submission of their contributions, permission that their contributions may be shared and adapted without restriction. An author furthermore agrees that the same contribution may not be published elsewhere without the written permission of the editor.</p><p>Anyone gaining access, electronically or otherwise, to a contribution to PER, may quote from such contribution, use the intellectual content thereof, share and adapt it, but subject to the following conditions:</p><ul style="margin-left: 20pt;"><li><p>you must give appropriate credit, provide a link and indicate if changes were made; and</p></li><li><p>the copyright of the author(s) may not be infringed in any way.</p></li></ul> Christa.Rautenbach@gmail.com (Prof Christa Rautenbach) Rieette.Venter@gmail.com (Rieette Venter) Mon, 15 Jan 2018 10:37:20 +0000 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Pathological Corporate Governance Deficiencies in South Africa's State-Owned Companies: A Critical Reflection https://journals.assaf.org.za/per/article/view/2345 <p>Globally, states use state-owned companies (SOCs) or public corporations to provide public goods, limit private and foreign control of the domestic economy, generate public funds for the fiscus, increase service delivery and encourage economic development and industrialisation. Particularly given its unique socio-political and economic dynamics, a country such as South Africa clearly needs this type of strategic enterprise. Yet, that does not mean that everything at our SOCs is as it should be. The beleaguered South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC) has recently seen the resignation of board members, shareholder interference in its operational affairs, and a high turnover of chief accounting officers and other executive management members. Due to non-performance, it has also received several cash injections from its shareholder to enable it to continue to deliver its services. In addition, the shareholder minister took it upon herself to amend the SABC's memorandum of incorporation, conferring upon herself the authority to appoint, suspend or even dismiss key executive members. South African Airways (SAA), in turn, has had seven CEOs in less than four years, has had to be bailed out at a cost of R550 million, and has in addition been granted a R5 billion guarantee by the shareholder for a restructuring exercise. Other SOCs such as Eskom, the Post Office and Telkom have also experienced high board and executive management turnover, perennial underperformance necessitating regular bailouts, and challenges regarding the division of power between their boards and the various shareholder ministers. Another issue that seems to plague South Africa's SOCs is the appointment of board members and executive officials with questionable qualifications. By critically examining the corporate governance challenges besetting the SABC, SAA and Eskom in particular, this article seeks to explore the root causes of the corporate governance deficiencies of SOCs, and how their corporate governance can be enhanced. It is concluded that the challenges faced by the country's SOCs are twofold: firstly, the SOCs boards' lack of appreciation of the cardinal corporate governance rules, and secondly, the role of government as a single or dominant shareholder, which results in substantial political interference in the running of the SOCs. This dual problem requires a dual solution. To arrest the problem of poor corporate governance in SOCs, government as the shareholder should firstly appoint fit and proper directors, having followed a sound due-diligence process. Once it has established such properly skilled and competent boards, however, government should adopt an arm's-length approach to the affairs of the SOCs as a way of insulating these corporations from political interference</p> Tebello Thabane, Elizabeth Snyman-Van Deventer ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.assaf.org.za/per/article/view/2345 Wed, 10 Jan 2018 08:37:51 +0000 Reviewing the suitability of affirmative action and the inherent requirements of the job as grounds of justification to equal pay claims in terms of the Employment Equity Act 55 of 1998 https://journals.assaf.org.za/per/article/view/1367 <p>The purpose of this article is to analyse the grounds of justification to pay discrimination as contained in South African law, the Conventions and Materials of the International Labour Organisation and the equal pay laws of the United Kingdom. Lastly, an analysis will be undertaken to determine whether affirmative action and the inherent requirements of the job provide justifications proper to equal pay claims.<strong></strong></p><div><br clear="all" /><hr align="left" size="1" width="33%" /><div><p> </p></div></div> Shamier Ebrahim ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.assaf.org.za/per/article/view/1367 Fri, 12 Jan 2018 12:11:30 +0000 The National Credit Act's remedies for reckless credit in the mortgage context https://journals.assaf.org.za/per/article/view/2955 The <em>National Credit Act</em> prohibits the granting of reckless credit and also provides for certain remedies that courts can grant to consumers who have fallen victim to reckless lending practices. Depending on the circumstances, these remedies are the partial or full setting aside of the consumer's rights and obligations under the agreement; the temporary suspension of the effect of the agreement; and the restructuring of the consumer's obligations. This article investigates these remedies with a focus on the effect that they would have on a creditor provider under a mortgage agreement. The argument is made that the contractual and security rights of creditor providers amount to "property" for purposes of section 25(1) of the <em>Constitution</em> (the property clause) and that, to some degree or another, each of these remedies involve a "deprivation" (limitation or modification) of the creditor provider's rights (property). The consequence is that, when one of these remedies is granted to a consumer, the court must tailor the remedy in such a way that the effect on the credit provider is not "arbitrary" as meant in the property clause. Therefore, the proposal is that there must be a sufficient relationship between the purpose of the remedy (to discourage reckless lending and to rectify the damage caused) and the effects thereof on the credit provider. In general, the remedy should not go further than what is necessary to rectify the prejudice suffered by the consumer due to the credit provider's conduct. The formulation of the remedy should accommodate considerations such as whether and to what extent either or both parties have already performed under the agreement, and it should accordingly ensure that the consumer will not be unjustifiably enriched. The remedy should also account for the effect that it would have if the consumer is permitted to keep the property that was subject to the reckless credit agreement. The article furthermore raises doubts regarding the recent high court judgment in <em>ABSA v De Beer</em>, where all the consumer's rights and obligations under a mortgage agreement were set aside due to the credit provider's reckless conduct. Remedies like this have serious consequences and therefore it is imperative that courts carefully investigate all the effects that the order would have, so that a just and reasonable outcome is achieved. This articles accordingly aims to provide some guidance with reference to the principles of constitutional property law. Reghard Brits ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.assaf.org.za/per/article/view/2955 Mon, 15 Jan 2018 12:44:20 +0000 The Registration of Special Notarial Bonds under the Security by Means of Movable Property Act and the Publicity Principle: Lessons from Developments in Belgium https://journals.assaf.org.za/per/article/view/2389 <p>Many people do not own immovable property to offer as security but do have movable property which can be offered as security for the repayment of a debt. In today’s world where the costs of a motor car can exceed that of a house, the increasing value of movable things makes it a popular and appropriate security object. Under the common law pledge, delivery of the movable property from the pledgor (debtor) to the pledgee (creditor) has to take place in order for the pledgee to acquire a real security right in the property. Delivery of the property is aimed at ensuring compliance with the publicity principle. The principle of publicity entails that the existence of a real security must be known to the public. With the aim to promote commerce, certain countries have taken the initiative in reforming their laws on pledge to allow the debtor to retain possession of the movable property that serves as security. Furthermore, technology has advanced to a level where national registration systems which can be accessed easily and at minimal costs can be established. The South African legislature enacted the Security by Means of Movable Property Act 57 of 1993 which makes provision for a pledge without possession. This Act deemed a duly registered notarial bond over specified movable property to have been delivered as if delivery has in fact taken place thereby substituted the common law delivery requirement with registration in the Deeds Office. On 30 May 2013, the Belgian House of Representatives adopted a Belgian Pledge Act which allows for a non-possessory pledge on movable property subject to registration in a newly created public register called the Electronic Pledge Register. This article therefore examines the efficacy of the registration system of special notarial bonds in South African law and whether this form of registration complies with the publicity principle looking at the developments of a computerised registration system taking place in Belgium.</p> Lefa Sebolaisi Ntsoane ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.assaf.org.za/per/article/view/2389 Fri, 19 Jan 2018 07:02:37 +0000 In Search of the Perceived Quality and Impact of Accredited South African Law Journals: Exploring the Possibility of a Ranking System. A Baseline Study: 2009 - 2014 https://journals.assaf.org.za/per/article/view/3459 <p>The <em>DHET Research Output Policy</em> (2015) indicates that there has been a change in the government’s approach to research funding. Previously all research published in any accredited journal was rewarded equally. A decision has been taken, however, that a shift will be made towards rewarding better quality and higher impact peer-review research. Additional mechanisms such as biometric/bibliometric data, including citations, assessments by discipline-specific panels of experts and/or post-publication reviews may be used to determine the quality and impact of publications. The policy notes that the DHET may distinguish between "high" and "low" impact journals after proper consultation.</p> <p>This article highlights the need for consultation by the legal fraternity with the DHET about the implementation of these possible mechanisms in the light of the special considerations applicable to the evaluation of law journals: most journals publish mainly local legal content, there is a limited number of active legal academics, the nature of legal research is not empirical, and a premium is placed on the writing of books.</p> <p>The research evaluates the available data between 2009 and 2014 in an attempt to assess if it would be appropriate to introduce a legal journal ranking system in South Africa. The article discusses direct and indirect forms of quality evaluation to inform possible ranking systems. This includes the data from the ASSAf expert panel evaluation of law journals in 2014 and other bibliometric data based on whether the journal is featured in international accredited lists, the size of its print-run, author prominence, rejection-rate, usage studies, and evaluations based on citations. An additional ranking system is considered, based on the five best outputs submitted to the National Research Foundation by applicants applying for rating.</p> <p>The article concludes that a law journal ranking system would be inappropriate for South Africa. None of the systems meet the minimum requirements for a trustworthy ranking of South African law journals, as the data available are insufficient, non-verifiable and not based on objective quality-sensitive criteria. Consultation with the DHET is essential and urgent to avoid the implementation of inappropriate measures of quality and impact assessmen</p> Marita Carnelley ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.assaf.org.za/per/article/view/3459 Mon, 22 Jan 2018 07:12:40 +0000 Le Roux v Dey and Children's Rights Approaches to Judging https://journals.assaf.org.za/per/article/view/3075 <p>The South African jurisprudence on the rights of children is vibrant and generally progressive, and is supported by an enabling constitutional and statutory framework. The majority decision in <em>Le Roux v Dey</em> 2011 3 SA 274 (CC), however, ignores the rights of children, and this is in stark contrast to some of the minority judgments in the same case. This contrast is surprising, considering that all of the judges applied the same legal framework. With reference to an emerging interest in defining children's rights approaches to judging, this article critically analyses the majority and minority judgments, and establishes their vulnerabilities and strengths as children's rights judgments. In the process, suggestions are made in relation to defining a children's rights approach to judging.</p> Meda Couzens ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.assaf.org.za/per/article/view/3075 Mon, 29 Jan 2018 05:27:45 +0000 Human Rights and the New Sustainable Mechanism of the Paris Agreement: A New Opportunity to Promote Climate Justice https://journals.assaf.org.za/per/article/view/3189 <p>In the light of the new era of climate action under the <em>Paris Agreement </em>(PA) and the rights and justice issues raised by climate change-related policies and measures, this paper discusses the integration of a human rights component within the Sustainable Development Mechanism (SDM) of the PA. Established in article 6.4, the SDM is essentially a new mitigation mechanism available to all Parties aimed at helping them to achieve and increase their mitigation actions, while fostering sustainable development. Looking back at the experience of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the <em>Kyoto Protocol</em>, which bears great resemblance to the SDM, as well as to the human rights concerns raised during its implementation, the integration of human rights considerations into the SDM and its governing rules seems to be necessary to prevent negative outcomes and human rights harms when implemented. The adoption of such rules, consistent with international human rights, could provide an opportunity for State Parties to operationalise the language included in the PA and tackle the climate change challenge, while ensuring respect for human rights.</p> Paola Villavicencio Calzadilla ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.assaf.org.za/per/article/view/3189 Thu, 01 Feb 2018 08:37:03 +0000 Pericles Should Learn to Fix a Leaky Pipe – Why Trial Advocacy Should Become Part of the LLB Curriculum (Part 1) https://journals.assaf.org.za/per/article/view/2637 <p>It is a sad fact that at most university law schools in South Africa, a student can graduate without ever having set foot in a courtroom, and without ever having spoken to, or on behalf of, a person in need of advice or counsel. The past several years have witnessed a swelling chorus of complaints that the current LLB curriculum produces law graduates who were "out of their depth" in practice. My purpose is to make a case for the inclusion in the LLB curriculum of a course in trial advocacy. This endeavour of necessity invokes the broader debate over the educational objectives of a university law school – a debate memorably framed by William Twining as the two polar images of "Pericles and the plumber". My thesis is that the education of practising lawyers should be the primary mission of the university law school. The first part of this contribution is a response to those legal academics who hold that the role of the law school is to educate law students in the theories and substance of the law; that it is not to function as a trade school or a nursery school for legal practice. With reference to the development of legal education in the United States, I argue that the "education/training" dichotomy has been exposed as a red herring. This so-called antithesis is false, because it assumes that a vocational approach is necessarily incompatible with such values as free inquiry, intellectual rigour, independence of thought, and breadth of perspective. The modern American law school has shown that such so-called incompatibility is the product of intellectual snobbery and devoid of any substance. It is also often said that the <em>raison d'être</em> of a university legal education is to develop in the law student the ability "to think like a lawyer". However, what legal academics usually mean by "thinking like a lawyer" is the development of a limited subset of the skills that are of crucial importance in practising law: one fundamental cognitive skill – analysis – and one fundamental applied skill – legal research. We are not preparing our students for other, equally crucial lawyering tasks – negotiating, client counselling, witness interviewing and trial advocacy. Thinking like a lawyer is a much richer and more intricate process than merely collecting and manipulating doctrine. We cannot say that we are fulfilling our goal to teach students to "think like lawyers", because the complete lawyer "thinks" about doctrine <em>and</em> about trial strategy <em>and</em> about negotiation <em>and</em> about counselling. We cannot teach students to "think like lawyers" without simultaneously teaching them what lawyers do. An LLB curriculum that only produces graduates who can "think like lawyers" in the narrow sense ill-serves them, the profession and the public. If the profession is to improve the quality of the services it provides to the public, it is necessary for the law schools to recognise that their students must receive the skills needed to put into practice the knowledge and analytical abilities they learn in the substantive courses. We have an obligation to balance the LLB curriculum with courses in professional competence, including trial advocacy – courses that expose our students to what actually occurs in lawyer-client relationships and in courtrooms. The skills our law students would acquire in these courses are essential to graduating minimally-competent lawyers whom we can hand over to practice to complete their training. The university law school must help students form the habits and skills that will carry over to a lifetime of practice. Nothing could be more absurd than to neglect in education those practical matters that are necessary for a person's future calling.</p> Willem Hendrik Gravett ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.assaf.org.za/per/article/view/2637 Thu, 01 Feb 2018 12:35:12 +0000 Pericles Should Learn to Fix a Leaky Pipe – Why Trial Advocacy Should Become Part of the LLB Curriculum (Part 2) https://journals.assaf.org.za/per/article/view/2635 <p>The inescapable reality is that most law school graduates are headed for professional life. This means that law schools have some accountability for the competence of their graduates, and thus an educational responsibility to offer their students instruction in the basic skills of legal representation. The most obvious and direct gain from the university law school offering more training in the generally neglected applied legal skills of trial advocacy, interviewing, counselling, drafting and negotiation, is the benefit to students in helping them bridge the gap between traditional basic legal education and practice. Although I strongly believe that the LLB curriculum should also include courses in legal writing, negotiation, client counselling, and witness interviewing, I emphasise adding a clinical course in trial advocacy to the LLB curriculum for a number of specific reasons. Trial advocacy consists of a set of skills that transcends the walls of the courtroom. It is difficult to conceive of a practising lawyer who does not, in some way and at some time, utilise the skills of advocacy - fact analysis, legal integration and persuasive speech. Even the technical "forensic skills" of trial advocacy, such as courtroom etiquette and demeanour, learning how to phrase a question to elicit a favourable response, and making an effective oral presentation, transfer readily to a wide range of applications within both the legal and business worlds. In addition to learning how to prepare and present a trial from the opening speech through to the closing argument, in a trial advocacy course students would also learn to apply procedural, substantive and ethical rules of law to prove or defend a cause of action. Moreover, if university law schools fail to contribute to establishing a substantial body of competent trial lawyers, our failure will ultimately take its toll on our system of justice. The quality of courtroom advocacy directly affects the rights of litigants, the costs of litigation, the proper functioning of the justice system, and, ultimately, the quality of justice. Also, traditional law school teaching in legal ethics is necessarily abstract and a-contextual. It can be effective at providing instruction in the law of lawyering, but it is seldom as productive when it comes to examining more subtle questions. The university trial advocacy course is the ideal forum in which to raise ambiguous and textured ethical issues. Ethics problems cannot be avoided or rationalised, because the student trial lawyer must always make a personal decision. In the ethics classroom, it is all too easy to say what lawyers should do. In the simulated courtroom, students have to show what they have chosen to do. I argue that a university trial advocacy course should not be antithetical to the university mission. Thus, students should be given the opportunity to learn not only "how" to conduct a trial, but also "why" their newly acquired skills should be used in a certain way, and "what" effect the use of that skill could have. Through properly constructed case files, assignments and class discussions, students should be able to reflect on issues that go beyond the mere mastery of forensic skills. A university course in trial advocacy must be infused with instruction in evidence, legal ethics, procedure, litigation planning, the encouragement of critical thinking about the litigation and trial process, and the lawyer's role in the adversary system. I also suggest, in concrete terms and by way of example, the outlines of both the theoretical and practical components of a university trial advocacy course that would result in a highly practical course of solid academic content.</p> Willem Hendrik Gravett ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.assaf.org.za/per/article/view/2635 Thu, 01 Feb 2018 12:45:06 +0000 No Silver Bullet For Poor Legal Writing Skills - Hard Lessons From the Front Lines in the Battle Against Academic Disadvantage in a South African Law School https://journals.assaf.org.za/per/article/view/1368 Many first-year students in the School of Law at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, Howard College, who have been disadvantaged by a poor primary and secondary education, exhibit poor legal writing skills. Over a period of four years, in order to address this urgent need for legal writing instruction, the School of Law introduced two successive legal writing interventions. The first intervention was the Concise Writing Programme, followed by the Integrated Skills in Context Programme. The Concise Writing Programme focused on English writing skills and grammar, in the hope that first-year law students would be able to transfer these generic writing skills to the more specific legal discourse within which they were learning to operate. The Law School reviewed the success of this initial programme and found that students who took part in the programme not only lacked the motivation to learn generic English writing skills, but that they also did not find it easy to transfer these skills to the more specific legal writing environment. The Law School then implemented a second legal writing intervention – The Integrated Skills in Context Programme. This programme acknowledged the fact that legal writing has a multi-faceted nature, encompassing legal analysis and application, as well as logical sequencing and argument, all of which could not be taught in a vacuum, particularly when most of the student base was largely unfamiliar with any form of legal discourse and many had English as a second language. This paper recognises that there is no silver bullet to improving the legal writing skills of these students. The reality is that it will take hard work as well as financial incentives to make a difference to these students’ legal writing skills. Our students need intensive one-on-one attention by qualified academics, and this means that those doing the fighting must be recognised and adequately compensated. Angela Diane Crocker ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.assaf.org.za/per/article/view/1368 Fri, 02 Feb 2018 10:59:45 +0000 Maintaining the Ecological Flows of Estuaries: A Critical Reflection on the Application and Interpretation of the Relevant Legal Framework through the Lens of the Klein River Estuary https://journals.assaf.org.za/per/article/view/2781 <p>South Africa has 291 functional estuaries of which 43 per cent are threatened. These estuaries provide numerous environmental goods and services to the species situated within and adjacent to them. In an effort to improve the protection of the country’s estuaries and the environmental goods and services they provide, many laws of direct and indirect relevance to estuaries have been introduced over the past two decades. The provision of these environmental goods and services is however contingent upon maintaining the natural ecological flows inherent in estuaries. One significant threat to maintaining these natural ecological flows is the artificial opening of the mouth of an estuary, an action often triggered by the desire to protect private property against flooding when estuarine water levels rise. Decisions to artificially open the mouth of an estuary often therefore need to achieve a difficult balance between ecological (generally public) interests and proprietary (generally private) interests, a balance which should ideally be informed by the numerous laws, and their associated plans and policies, of direct relevance to protecting and managing estuaries. The courts have recently been called upon to resolve disputes regarding decisions about whether or not to artificially open the mouth of an estuary, and what one recent decision of the Supreme Court of Appeal in <em>Abbott v Overstrand Municipality</em> (2016) clearly illustrates is that there are not only significant challenges in the implementation of the legal framework of direct relevance to estuaries, but also in the judiciary’s understanding and application thereof. It furthermore illustrates distinct anomalies in the interpretation of the original, assigned and incidental executive authority of local government in relation to environmental matters, and that notwithstanding a swathe of recent relevant jurisprudence in this regard, confusion still abounds in this environmental governance quagmire.</p> Alexander Ross Paterson ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.assaf.org.za/per/article/view/2781 Fri, 26 Jan 2018 06:20:52 +0000 Laws against Strikes – The South African Experience in an International and Comparative Perspective https://journals.assaf.org.za/per/article/view/3222 <p>This contribution reviews the book entitled <em>Laws against Strikes – The South African Experience in an International and Comparative Perspective </em>edited by Bob Hepple, Rochelle le Roux and Silvana Sciarra.</p> Michael Laubscher ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.assaf.org.za/per/article/view/3222 Tue, 16 Jan 2018 07:10:36 +0000 Aboriginal Customary Law: A Source of Common Law Title to Land https://journals.assaf.org.za/per/article/view/3405 This contribution provides a short review of the book by Ulla Secher on aboriginal customary law as a source of common law title to land. Elmien Du Plessis ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.assaf.org.za/per/article/view/3405 Tue, 16 Jan 2018 12:32:51 +0000 Untitled: Securing Land Tenure in Urban and Rural South Africa https://journals.assaf.org.za/per/article/view/3406 This contribution provides a review of the book edited by Donna Hornby, Rosalie Kingwill, Lauren Royston and Ben Cousins. It deals with the topic of land tenure in urban and rural South Africa and challenges the requirement of title deeds to secure land tenure. Elmien Du Plessis ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.assaf.org.za/per/article/view/3406 Tue, 16 Jan 2018 12:34:51 +0000 Corruption and Human Rights Law in Africa https://journals.assaf.org.za/per/article/view/3424 <p>This book provokes the most pertinent debate engulfing Africa, that is, how to effectively deal with corruption in Africa – and it offers the human rights approach not as a replacement of criminal measures but to complement the already existing criminal measures, that gives a voice to the victims of corruption in Africa, who are, the ordinary citizens.</p> Willard Tawonezvi Mugadza ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.assaf.org.za/per/article/view/3424 Tue, 16 Jan 2018 12:36:41 +0000 The BRICS-Lawyers’ Guide to Global Cooperation by Rostam J. Neuwirth, Aexandr Svetlicinii and Denis De Castro Halis https://journals.assaf.org.za/per/article/view/4215 <p>This contribution reviews the book "The BRICS-Lawyers’ Guide to Global Cooperation"&nbsp;authored by&nbsp;Rostam J. Neuwirth, Aexandr Svetlicinii and Denis De Castro Halis published by Cambridge University Press in 2017.</p> Franziska Sucker ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.assaf.org.za/per/article/view/4215 Fri, 19 Jan 2018 07:05:05 +0000