South African Crime Quarterly <p>The <em>South African Crime Quarterly</em> <em>(SACQ)</em> is a journal co-published by the Justice and Violence Prevention Programme at the <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Institute for Security Studies (ISS)</a> and the <a href="">Centre of Law and Society (CLS)</a>&nbsp;at the University of Cape Town. <em>SACQ</em> presents recent research results on crime, criminal justice, policing, prisons and incarceration, crime prevention, and criminal justice policy and legislation.&nbsp;<em>SACQ</em> aims to add balance and objectivity to the discourse on human security in Africa by providing timely empirical research and analysis to policy makers, area specialists, academics and students.</p> Institute for Security Studies & University of Cape Town en-US South African Crime Quarterly 1991-3877 <p>SACQ is licenced under a creative commons licence (CC BY) that allows others to distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long a they <span id="tinymce" class="mceContentBody " dir="ltr">give <span style="text-decoration: underline;"><a id="appropriate_credit_popup" class="helpLink" href="">appropriate credit</a></span></span>, provide a link to the license, and <span><a id="indicate_changes_popup" class="helpLink" href="">indicate if changes were made</a></span>. They may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.</p><p>Copyright for articles published is vested equally between the author/s, the Institute for Security Studies and the Centre of Criminology (UCT).</p> Editorial: Governance and justice - Southern edition <p>Editorial for June 2018.</p> Kelley Moult ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-29 2018-06-29 64 3 6 10.17159/2413-3108/2018/v0n64a5261 Policing for impact: Is South Africa ready for Evidence-Based Policing? <p class="xmsoplaintext">The prospect that research can improve the impact of policing operations and internal organisational efficiencies has been a source of promise and frustration for decades. Â&nbsp;It may seem obvious to many that research should be able to assist with better policing strategies and tactics by providing evidence as to what does or does not work. Realizing this potential, however, it is not straightforward. The complexities of applying scientific research methods to what is often the messy business of policing often does not result in clear or consistent findings. This article reflects on Evidence-Based Policing (EBP) and its challenges in relation to the establishment of the South African Police Service’s (SAPS) first ever National Research Division.</p> Gareth Newham Brian Rappert ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-29 2018-06-29 64 7 16 10.17159/2413-3108/2018/v0n64a2998 Modest beginnings, high hopes: The Western Cape Police Ombudsman <p class="p1"><em>In 2013 the Western Cape legislature passed the Western Cape Community Safety Act (WCCSA) to improve monitoring of and oversight over the police. One creation of the WCCSA is the Western Cape Police Ombudsman, which became operational in 2015. This article reviews its history and context, as well as results from its first year. The Police Ombudsman, the only one in the country, must be seen as one of the results of efforts by the opposition-held province to carve out more powers in the narrowly defined constitutional space, and in so doing to exercise more effective oversight and monitoring of police performance, and improve police–community relations. The Ombudsman must also be seen against the backdrop of poor police–community relations in Cape Town and the subsequent establishment of a provincial commission of inquiry into the problem, a move that was opposed by the national government, contesting its constitutionality. Results from the Ombudsman’s first 18 months in operation are modest, but there are promising signs. Nonetheless, the office is small and it did not do itself any favours by not complying with its legally mandated reporting requirements. </em></p> Lukas Muntingh ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-29 2018-06-29 64 17 28 10.17159/2413-3108/2018/v0n64a4884 Unpacking Discontent: Where and why protest happens in South Africa <p class="p1"><em>High levels of socio-economic dissatisfaction, persistent service delivery issues and increased political contestation necessitate closer monitoring of protest action. This article focuses on where and why protests happen. The findings draw on data collected by the Institute for Security Studies through its Protest and Public Violence Monitor (PPVM). Unlike other reporting systems, which tend to focus on specific types of protest, the PPVM seeks to provide comprehensive coverage and mapping of all forms of protest, including industrial strike action as well as political and group conflict. The findings highlight the wide-ranging nature of protests and illustrate how patterns of protests form over time in specific places. The article concludes by reflecting on how research into protest should not limit itself in scope. The ultimate aim of the research should be to inform the development of more appropriate responses by various role players to prevent violence and to encourage peaceful protests. </em></p> Lizette Lancaster ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-29 2018-06-29 64 29 44 10.17159/2413-3108/2018/v0n64a3031 The Third time a charm? Traditional Courts Bill 2017 <p class="p1"><em>This article discusses the latest version of the Traditional Courts Bill introduced by Parliament in 2017. It examines several fundamental objections to previous versions of the Bill to explain the progress that has thus far been made. In a much-welcomed improvement, the 2017 Bill provides a mechanism for individuals to opt out of the traditional justice system. Nonetheless, the recognition of the old apartheid homeland boundaries is perpetuated, as only courts convened by a traditional leader, whose power and jurisdiction are based on the old tribal boundaries, are recognised. A notable change is that there are no longer appeals to the magistrates’ courts. Parties may appeal a decision to a higher customary court or apply for a review of a decision to the high court. This calls into question the accessibility and affordability of appeals, and essentially locks people into the traditional justice system after the commencement of proceedings. The bar on legal representation continues under the 2017 Bill, which remains objectionable given that traditional courts may still deal with criminal matters. However, the powers of traditional courts in granting sanctions have been significantly circumscribed and regulated. Thus, while the 2017 Bill represents a significant development of previous versions of the Bill, there is still room for improvement. </em></p> Fatima Osman ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-29 2018-06-29 64 45 54 Ncedo Ntsasa Mngqibisa and Guy Lamb <p><em>As anyone with empirical fieldwork experience knows, even best laid data collection plans rarely go off without a hitch. There is often rich learning from these challenges, although we seldom reflect on them in the literature.&nbsp;&nbsp; This interview asks UCT’s Safety and Violence Initiative (SaVI) Director, Guy Lamb, and Study Coordinator Ncedo Ntsasa Mnquibisa about their experiences carrying out the Gugulethu component of a randomised household survey project that took place in Gugulethu and Manenberg in Cape Town in 2017. Young people between the ages of 12 and 18 years old, and one of their caregivers, were interviewed using a detailed (structured) questionnaire. This project was a partnership between SaVI, Amandla EduFootball and Dr Ian Edelstein (who was based at the Human Sciences Research Council), which focused on youth resilience, deviance and development. The project was funded by the Department of Cultural Affairs and Sport in the Western Cape Provincial Government. </em></p> Kelley Moult ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-29 2018-06-29 64 61 68 10.17159/2413-3108/2018/v0n64a5254 Book Review: Andrew Faull and Sindiso Mnisi Weeks <p>Review of:</p> <p>Andrew Faull, <em>Police Work and Identity: A South African Ethnography</em>, Abingdon, Routledge, 2018</p> <p>ISBN: 978-1-138-23329-4</p> <p>Sindiso Mnisi Weeks, <em>Access to Justice and Human Security: Cultural Contradictions in Rural South Africa</em>, Abingdon, Routledge, 2018</p> <p>ISBN: 978-1-138-57860-9</p> Bill (William) Dixon ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-29 2018-06-29 64 55 60 10.17159/2413-3108/2018/v0n64a5218