Building the Islamic moral self: Sufi Abed’s Bustān Fāṭimah ma‘a Bustān ‘Ā’ishah

Keywords: Bustān Fāṭimah, Bustān ‘Ā’ishah, moral self, remembering God, South Africa, Sufi Abed, Urdu literature


Sufi Abed Mian Usmani (1898–1945) of Ladysmith, KwaZulu-Natal, authored some ten religious books in Urdu and Gujerati, which appeared to have a considerable impact on the local community there, as well as more broadly for South African Muslims of Indian descent, and even for some Muslims of India. However, apart from two academic contributions, his work and legacy remain largely unexplored. This essay aims to build upon those contributions by analysing another of his hitherto unexamined Urdu works, namely, BustÄn FÄtÌ£imah and BustÄn ‘Ā’ishah (The garden of FÄtÌ£imah with the garden of ‘Ā’ishah). It argues that these two works, when seen as a totality, seek to build the moral self.

Author Biographies

Yousuf Dadoo, University of South Africa

Yousuf Dadoo is Professor of Arabic and Islamic Studies at the University of South Africa.

Mohammed Auwais Rafudeen, University of South Africa

Auwais Rafudeen is a Senior Lecturer in Religious Studies at the University of South Africa.


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