MINDFUL PUNISHMENT: What to do about the South African penal system, and why

  • Todd R Clear John Jay College, New York
Keywords: South Africa, penal system, reform


Penal reform is crucial to South Africa’s long term crime control and criminal justice agendas. This article shows how the penal system could respond more ethically without an overwhelming investment of new resources. There are two strategies South Africa can employ to create a ‘mindful’ penal system. First, the length of sentences must be reduced. Second, a viable new system of community based (non-prison) penalties must be created. Neither strategy will be easy, but doing one without the other will fail.

  • Abstract 218
  • PDF 216
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