Prevalence and risk factors of missed appointment among paediatric patients after minor oral surgical procedures in a tertiary hospital in Southern Nigeria
Keywords:missed dental appointments, Minor oral surgical procedures, Pediatric dentistry, risk factor
Missed appointments are common in paediatric dentistry, yet not many studies have explored its prevalence and associated factors. To determine the prevalence of missed appointments and the associated factors. This prospective study design recruited all consecutive
paediatric patients that presented for minor oral surgical procedures from 1st July 2020 to 30th June 2021. Data collected was the age of patients, gender, parents’ educational level, distance from the clinic, type of minor oral surgical procedures and missed appointments. Descriptive and inferential statistics were performed. Chi-square test of association was used to determine the association between study participants’ age, sex, parents’ educational level, the distance from the clinic, and the prevalence of missed
dental appointments. Binary logistic regression was used to determine the predictors. Data was analysed using the Statistical Package of Social Science (SPSS) version 26 (IBM, Chicago, IL, USA). A p-value of less than 0.05 was considered significant. A total of 182 paediatric dental patients, age ranged from 0.5 to 16 years and with a mean age of 8.55+3.88 participated. Most (60.4%) of the patients were females and 46.2% of them were of school age. Most of the parents had a tertiary level of education and lived within 7 to 12 kilometers from the clinic. The prevalence of missed appointments was 54.9% and the most performed minor oral surgical
procedure was primary tooth extraction. The relationship between age group, minor surgical procedures with missed appointments was statistically significant (P<0.05). Binary logistic regression analysis revealed that the type of surgical procedure was the only independent predictor of missed appointments (p<0.05) The prevalence of missed appointments in this study is remarkably high. Although the age of the patients and the type of procedure was associated with the prevalence of missed appointment, it was only the type of surgical procedure that was a significant risk factor for missed appointment.
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