Integration of the Bride as a Requirement for a Valid Customary Marriage: Mkabe v Minister of Home Affairs 2016 ZAGPPHC 460

Keywords: Customary law, Customary marriage, Recognition of Customary Marriages Act, Mkabe v Minister of Home Affairs

Abstract

Since the Recognition of Customary Marriages Act 120 of 1996 was promulgated in 15 November 2000 the courts are faced with the daunting task to determine whether a customary marriage is valid under the Act. The courts find it troublesome to determine exactly what the essential requirements under the living customary law are. One of the issues the courts have to deal with is the question whether the incorporation of a bride into her husband's family is an essential requirement for a valid customary marriage or can the families waive the requirement or condone non-compliance? The court in Mkabe v Minister of Home Affairs [2016] ZAGPPHC 460 found that the requirement can be waived or condoned. This case note criticises the Mkabe decision and illustrates why the incorporation of the bride is indeed an essential requirement for a valid customary marriage.

Author Biography

Pieter Bakker, University of South Africa
Professor, Department of Private Law

References

Bakker 2013 Obiter
Bakker "Bewys van 'n gebruiklike huwelik kragtens artikel 3(1)(b) van die Wet op Erkenning van Gebruiklike Huwelike 120 van 1998: Southon v Moropane [2012] ZAGPJHC 146" 2013 Obiter 579-589.

Bakker 2016 THRHR
Bakker "The validity of a customary marriage under the Recognition of Customary Marriages Act 120 of 1998 with reference to sections 3(1)(b) and 7(6) – Part 2" 2016 THRHR 357-368

Bakker 2004 THRHR
Bakker "Die weg vorentoe: Unifikasie of pluralisme van die Suid-Afrikaanse huweliksreg?" 2004 THRHR 626-640

Bekker 2004 THRHR
Bekker "Requirements for the validity of a customary marriage: Mabuza v Mbatha 2003 4 SA 218 (C)" 2004 THRHR 146-150

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Bennett 1994 SAJHR
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Jansen 2002 JJS
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Mbatha 2004 SJ
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Register of cases
Am v Kuse 1957 NAC 92 (C&O)
Dlomo v Mahodi 1964 NAC 61 (C&O)
Fanti v Boto 2008 (5) SA 405 (C)
Jiba v Vangidzi 1924 NAC 59 (C&O)
Lebenya v Mosola 1947 NAC 58 (C&O)
Mabuza v Mbatha 2003 (4) SA 218 (C)
Malima v Mhlahlo 1942 NAC 73 (C&O)
Matsoaso v Roro [2011] 2 All SA 324 (GSJ)
Mbalela v Thinane 1950 NAC 7 (C)
Mhlanga v Hleta 1944 NAC 40 (N&T)
Mkabe v Minister of Home Affairs [2016] ZAGPPHC 460
MM v MN 2013 (4) SA 415 (CC)
Mohlala v Mohlala 1938 NAC 112 (N&T)
Moropane v Southon [2014] JOL 32177 (SCA)
Mpakanyiswa v Ntshangase 1 NAC 17 (1897)
Mpengisi v Gcwabe 1942 NAC 78 (C&O)
Mtombeni v Matlou 1945 NAC 1 (N&T)
Ngcangayi v Jwili 1944 NAC 15 (C&O)
Ngcongolo v Parkies 1953 NAC 103 (S)
Nthole v Lebata 1939 NAC 125 (C&O)
Ntoagae v Makabanyane [2015] ZANWHC 78
Sebona v Mashiloane [2016] ZAGPPHC 618
Sefolokile v Thekiso 1952 NAC 25 (C)
Sila v Masuku 1937 NAC 121 (N&T)

Register of legislation
Recognition of Customary Marriages Act 120 of 1996
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Published
2018-03-27
Section
Case Notes