What’s new for the clinician– summaries of recently published papers


  • Veerasamy Yengopal




lipid levels, coronary artery


Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is the most common chronic disease in the Western world and developing countries have also shown an explosion in the incidence and prevalence of this disease. Exercise therapy is essential for the management of diabetes. The American College of Sports Medicine and the American Diabetes Association have recommended at least 150 min/week of moderate (50%-70% of an individual’s maximum heart rate) to vigorous (> 70% of an individual’s maximum heart rate) physical activity for
patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Studies including lifestyle and health interventions have shown that they have a positive health effect on patients with T2DM. For example, physical activity has been shown to improve the metabolic condition of T2DM patients, reduce HbA1c levels and cardiovascular mortality, and improve the quality of life, lipid levels, and blood pressure. Diabetes has been identified as an important risk factor for periodontitis. The risk of developing periodontitis and peri-implantitis is significantly increased in patients with diabetes compared to healthy control groups. Wernicke and colleagues (2021)1 reported on a trial that
sought to test the hypothesis that physical activity is a health-promoting measure with significant positive effects on periodontal health and HbA1c concentrations.


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Wernicke K, Grischke J, Stiesch M. et al. Influence of physical activity on periodontal health in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. A blinded, randomized, controlled trial. Clin Oral Invest 2021; 25: 6101–6107. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00784-021-03908-6

Friedmann A, Winkler M, Diehl D, et al. One-year performance of posterior narrow diameter implants in hyperglycemic and normo-glycemic patients—a pilot study. Clin Oral Invest 2021; 25: 6707–6715 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00784-021-03957-x




How to Cite

Yengopal, V. (2022). What’s new for the clinician– summaries of recently published papers. South African Dental Journal, 77(02), 100–103. https://doi.org/10.17159/2519-0105/2022/v77no2a8

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