Lecturers’ stories of teaching understanding hidden curriculum enactment in a private higher education institutions

Authors

  • Nina Rossouw The Independent Institute of Education
  • Liezel Frick Stellenbosch University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17159/ijtl.v19i1.18856

Keywords:

hidden curriculum, teaching, narrative study, graduate competencies, private higher education

Abstract

The hidden curriculum is embedded in all levels of education, and an integral part of higher education. However, the hidden curriculum remains a challenging concept to understand and define. The focus of this study was to gain insight into the lecturer dimension of the hidden curriculum, as research on the lecturer dimension of the hidden curriculum is limited, even more so in private higher education. A narrative approach was adopted and provided valuable stories and reflections from lecturers regarding the main areas that they enact the hidden curriculum in their classroom (developing graduate competencies, supplementing the formal curriculum, enhancing the student learning experience), the importance of lecturer reflection, and the relevance of the private nature of the higher education institutions. This study contributes to a more holistic understanding of the enactment of the hidden curriculum by lecturers in private higher education, and what lecturers experience the hidden curriculum to be. 

Author Biographies

Nina Rossouw, The Independent Institute of Education

Nina Rossouw is a senior lecturer: teaching and learning in the School of Management Studies, Faculty of Commerce at the Independent Institute of Education, Varsity College, Cape Town. Her research interests are ethics education, the philosophy of education, and the hidden curriculum in higher education.

Liezel Frick, Stellenbosch University

Liezel Frick is a professor in the Department of Curriculum Studies and the Director of the Centre for Higher and Adult Education at the Faculty of Education at Stellenbosch University (South Africa). Her research interests are within the broader field of doctoral education, with a particular focus on aspects of doctoral creativity and originality, learning during the doctorate, and doctoral supervision.

References

Ahola, S. (2000). Hidden Curriculum in Higher Education: something to fear for or comply to? In Innovations in Higher Education conference. 1-21. Helsinki: University of Turku.

Bergenhenegouwen, G. (1987). Hidden Curriculum in the University. Higher Education, 16(5), 535-543.

Bitzer, E. & Botha, N. (2011). Curriculum inquiry in South African Higher Education. (1st ed.). Stellenbosch: SUN PRESS. https://doi:10.18820/9781920338671

Blasco, M. (2012). Aligning the hidden curriculum of Management Education with PRME: An inquiry-based framework. Journal of Management Education, 36(3), 364-388.

Çengel, M. & Türkoğlu, A. (2016). Analysis through hidden curriculum of peer relations in two different classes with positive and negative classroom climates. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 16(6), 1893-1919. https://doi:10.12738/estp.2016.6.0103

Clandinin, D.J. (2006). Narrative inquiry: A methodology for studying lived experience. Research Studies in Music Education 27(1), 44-54. https://doi:10.1177/1321103X060270010301

Clandinin, D.J. & Huber, J. (2010). Narrative Inquiry. In B. McGaw, E. Baker, & P.P. Peterson (Eds.) International encyclopedia of education, 1-26. New York, NY, US: Elsevier.

Clandinin, J., Caine, V., Murphy, M.S. & Steeves, P. (2015). Places of Practice : Learning to Think Narratively. Narrative Works, 5(1), 22-39.

Creswell, J.W. (2007). Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choosing Among Five Approaches. Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE Publications Inc.

Dewey, J. (1938). Experience And Education. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Fouché, C.B., Strydom, H. & Roestenburg, W.J.H. (2021). Research at grass roots: For the social sciences and human services professions. (5th ed.). Pretoria: Van Schaik Publishers.

Gray, A. (2016). The 10 skills you need to thrive in the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Retrieved 29 November 2019 from https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/01/the-10-skills-you-need-to-thrive-in-the-fourth-industrial-revolution/

Hafferty, F.W. & Castellani, B. (2009). The hidden curriculum: a theory of medical education. In C. Brosnan & B. S. Turner (Eds.) Handbook of the Sociology of Medical Education. New York: Routledge. https://doi:10.4324/9780203875636

James, B. D. (2018). Why you need to know about the ‘hidden curriculum’, and how to teach it. Retrieved 6 September 2019 from https://www.tes.com/news/why-you-need-know-about-hidden-curriculum-and-how-teach-it-sponsored-article

Kane, R., Sandretto, S. & Heath, C. (2004). An investigation into excellent tertiary teaching: Emphasising reflective practice. Higher Education 47(3), 283-310. https://doi:10.1023/B:HIGH.0000016442.55338.24

Knowles, M. (1973). The Adult Learner: A Neglected Species. Houston: Gulf Publishing Company.

Koutsouris, G., Mountford-Zimdars, A. & Dingwall, K. (2021). The ‘ideal’ higher education student: understanding the hidden curriculum to enable institutional change. Research in Post-Compulsory Education 26(2), 131-147. https://doi:10.1080/13596748.2021.1909921

Kujawska-Lis, E. & Lis-Kujawski, A. (2005). Two Cheaters’ Game. The Hidden Curriculum in Private (non-public) Institutions of Higher Education. In M. Misztal & Mariusz Trawiński (Eds.) Studies in Teacher Education: Psychopedagogy. Krakow: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Akademii Pedagogicznej.

Lempp, H. & Seale, C. (2004). The hidden curriculum in undergraduate medical education: qualitative study of medical students’ perceptions of teaching. British Medical Journal, 329(7469), 770-773.

Li, H. (2019). The Significance and Development Approaches of Hidden Curriculum in College English Teaching. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, 286, 262-265.

Maree, K., Creswell, J. W., Ebersohn, L., Eloff, I., Ferreira, R., Ivankova, N. V., Jansen, J. D., Nieuwenhuis, J., Pietersen, J. & Clark, V. L. P. (2016). First steps in research. K. Maree (Ed.) Pretoria: Van Schaik Publishers.

Margolis, E. (2001). The Hidden Curriculum in Higher Education. E. Margolis (Ed.) New York, NY, US: Routledge.

Martimianakis, M. A., Michalec, B., Lam, J., Cartmill, C., Taylor, J. S. & Hafferty, F. W. (2015). Humanism, the hidden curriculum, and educational reform: A scoping review and thematic analysis. Academic Medicine, 90(11), S5–S13. https://doi:10.1097/ACM.0000000000000894

Martin, J. R. (1976). What Should We Do with a Hidden Curriculum When We Find One? Curriculum Inquiry, 6(2), 135-151. https://doi:10.1080/03626784.1976.11075525

McCabe, D. L. & Trevino, L. K. (1995). Cheating Among Business Students: a Challenge for Business Leaders and Educators. Journal of Management Education, 19(2), 205-218. https://doi:10.1177/105256299501900205

O’ Grady, G., Clandinin, D. J. & O’ Toole, J. (2018). Engaging in educational narrative inquiry: making visible alternative knowledge. Irish Educational Studies, 37(2), 153-157. https://doi:10.1080/03323315.2018.1475149

Orón Semper, J. V. & Blasco, M. (2018). Revealing the Hidden Curriculum in Higher Education. Studies in Philosophy and Education, 37(5) 481-498. https://doi:10.1007/s11217-018-9608-5

Oztok, M. (2013). The hidden curriculum of online learning: Discourses of whiteness, social absence, and inequity. Toronto: University of Toronto.

Peters, R. S. (1966). Ethics and Education. New York: Routledge.

Pitts, S. (2003). What do Students Learn when we Teach? An investigation of the ‘hidden’ curriculum in a university music department. Arts & Humanities in Higher Education, 2(3), 281-292.

Portelli, J. P. (1993). Exposing the hidden curriculum. Journal of Curriculum Studies, 25(4), 343-358.

Rossouw, N. & Frick, L. (2023). A conceptual framework for uncovering the hidden curriculum in private higher education. Cogent Education, 10(1) https://10.1080/2331186X.2023.2191409

Skelton, A. (1997). Studying hidden curricula: Developing a perspective in the light of postmodern insights. Curriculum Studies, 5(2), 177-193.

Smith-Han, K. (2013). The Hidden Curriculum - what else are students learning from your teaching? Dunedin: University of Otago. Retrieved 28 April 2020 from https://www.academia.edu/5726516/The_hidden_curriculum_what_else_are_students_learning_from_your_teaching_p_21

Ssebunnya, G. M. (2013). Beyond the hidden curriculum: The challenging search for authentic values in medical ethics education. South African Journal of Bioethics and Law, 6(2), 48. https://doi:10.7196/sajbl.267

Thielsch, A. (2017). Approaching the Invisible: Hidden Curriculum and Implicit Expectations in Higher Education. Journal for Higher Education Development, 12(4), 167-187.

Tyson, C. (2014). The Hidden Curriculum. Retrieved 28 April 2020 from https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2014/08/04/book-argues-mentoring-programs-should-try-unveil-colleges-hidden-curriculum

Winter, J. & Cotton, D. (2012). Making the hidden curriculum visible: Sustainability literacy in higher education. Environmental Education Research, 18(6), 783-796.

Yüksel, S. (2005). Kohlberg and Hidden Curriculum in Moral Education: An Opportunity for Students’ Acquisition of Moral Values in the New Turkish Primary Education Curriculum. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 5(2), 329-339.

Downloads

Published

21-05-2024

How to Cite

Rossouw, N., & Frick, L. (2024). Lecturers’ stories of teaching understanding hidden curriculum enactment in a private higher education institutions. The Independent Journal of Teaching and Learning, 19(1), 110–123. https://doi.org/10.17159/ijtl.v19i1.18856

Similar Articles

1 2 3 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.