Modern considerations when approaching fractured endodontic instruments - Part 2: A review of the literature and clinical techniques




endodontic instruments, breakage


Once root canal treatment is considered, the treating clinicians must be aware of the real possibility that complications and unforeseen accidents can occur during any stage of the treatment. Complications and accidents may include instrument separation, root perforation on different levels and ledge formation.


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How to Cite

Van der Vyver, P. J., Vorster, M., & Jonker, C. H. (2020). Modern considerations when approaching fractured endodontic instruments - Part 2: A review of the literature and clinical techniques. South African Dental Journal, 75(10), 564–574.

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